Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. Aditya I and his son Parantaka I expanded the kingdom to the northern parts of Tamil Nadu by defeating the last Pallava king, Aparajitavarman. In 1762, a tripartite treaty was signed between Thanjavur Maratha, Carnatic, and the British by which Thanjavur became a vassal of the Nawab of the Carnatic which eventually ceded to the British. [36] The Nayaks of Madurai and Nayaks of Thanjavur were the most prominent Nayaks of the 17th century. [2] The major worship forms of Shiva temples are for Shiva, Parvathi, Ganesha and Muruga. The Pteridophytes diversity of India includes 1,022 species of which Tamil Nadu has about 184 species. The state also accounts for 50 per cent of leather exports[164][165] from India, valued at around US$3.3 billion of the total US$6.5 billion from India. The per capita income at the current price is ₹72,993. This festival is also called Kumbamela of South.[120][121]. In Tamil Nadu, 3,911,302 children (0-6) live in rural areas. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. In 2008, Tamil Nadu was India's fifth biggest producer of rice. The first generator was commissioned in July 1979. The western, southern, and the northwestern parts are hilly and rich in vegetation. [18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25], A Neolithic stone celt (a hand-held axe) with the Indus script on it was discovered at Sembian-Kandiyur near Mayiladuthurai in Tamil Nadu. [148][better source needed] In terms of production, Tamil Nadu accounts for 10 per cent in fruits and 6 per cent in vegetables, in India. Tamil Nadu has four mobile service providers including BSNL,[187] Airtel,[188] JIO[189] and Vodafone Idea. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Tamil Nadu by census years. Tamil Nadu is also the home of the double Oscar winner A. R. Rahman[122][123][124] who has composed film music in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, English and Chinese films. Fairs & Festivals 8 6. Hundreds of leather and tannery facilities are located around Vellore and its nearby towns. Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of Southern Railway. Nawabs of the Carnatic bestowed tax revenue collection rights on the East India Company for defeating the Kingdom of Mysore. [202][203], Kabbadi, also known as Sadugudu, is recognised as the state game in Tamil Nadu. It was the first major election not led by the two tall leaders – DMK’s M. Karunanidhi and AIADMK’s J. Jayalalithaa. Major railway junctions (four and above lines) in the state are Chennai, Coimbatore, Katpadi, Madurai, Salem, Erode, Dindigul, Karur, Nagercoil, Tiruchirapalli, and Tirunelveli. It aims to provide a fact-based counter to the mainstream media narrative about India. [190] BSNL provides 2G & 3G mobile internet connections and all other three operators provide 2G, 3G & 4G Mobile broadband connections across Tamil Nadu. A record 95.2 percent students have cleared the Tamil Nadu SSLC 2019 examination this year. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 87.58% of Tamil Nadu's population are Hindus, 6.12% are Christians, 5.86% are Muslims, 0.12% are Jains, 0.02% are Buddhists and 0.02% are Sikhs. The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. Oomaithurai, younger brother of Kattabomman, took asylum under the Maruthu brothers, Periya Marudhu and Chinna Marudhu and raised an army. He defeated Mahipala, the king of Bengal, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital and named it Gangaikonda Cholapuram. tnpsc, unit 8, tamil, tamilnadu culture and heritage, tamil nadu history, tamil culture, tamil heritage, tnpsc unit 8 free online test, group1&2, etc. The central and the south-central regions are arid plains and receive less rainfall than the other regions. The celebrated Nataraja temple at Chidambaram and the Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam, Tiruchirappalli, held special significance for the Cholas which have been mentioned in their inscriptions as their tutelary deities. Tamil Nadu is the seventh most populous state in India. The number of deaths at areas decreased from 1,053 in 2011 to 881 in 2012 and 867 in 2013.[183]. The top engineering colleges in Tamil Nadu have been a major recruiting hub for the IT firms. It has the largest number of International Airports along with Kerala. Besides civilian airports, the state has four air bases of the Indian Air Force namely Thanjavur AFS, Tambram AFS, Coimbatore AFS and two naval air stations INS Rajali and INS Parundu of Indian Navy. This eventually resulted in the further weakening of the empire; many Nayaks declared themselves independent, among whom the Nayaks of Madurai and Tanjore were the first to declare their independence, despite initially maintaining loose links with the Vijayanagara kingdom. Do you want to know which caste is powerful in tamilnadu and all major caste, religion percentage, future population and all other statistics? The Super Kings are the most successful team in the league with three IPL titles at par with Mumbai Indians and two CLT20 titles. Tourism in Tamil Nadu is promoted by Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC), a government of Tamil Nadu undertaking. The club is also a popular venue for major golf tournaments held in India. 12:00 am: The average voter turnout in the polls held in a single phase in Tamil Nadu was at 71.86%. The first day, Bhogi Pongal is celebrated by throwing away and destroying old clothes and materials by setting them on fire to mark the end of the old and emergence of the new. India’s economy is still growing quickly — around 6.6 percent in 2017 — but more and more Indians are out of work. Swaminathan, known as the "father of the Indian Green Revolution" was from Tamil Nadu. There are about 2,000 species of wildlife that are native to Tamil Nadu. The Pudukkottai Thondaimans rose to power over the Pudukkottai area by the end of the 17th Century. [84][85] The life expectancy at birth for males is 65.2 years and for females it is 67.6 years. [81] The sex ratio of the state is 995 with 36,137,975 males and 36,009,055 females. The recent excavations in Alagankulam archaeological site suggests that Alagankulam is one of the important trade centres or port cities of the Sangam Era. The granite gopuram (tower) of Brihadisvara Temple, 1010 CE, Airavatesvara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE, The pyramidal structure above the sanctum at Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Brihadisvara Temple Entrance Gopurams at Thanjavur. Tamil Nadu has historically been an agricultural state and is a leading producer of agricultural products in India. Around 1609, the Dutch established a settlement in Pulicat,[38] while the Danes had their establishment in Tharangambadi also known as Tranquebar. The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu. A quick analysis of result showed, girls outperforming the … The Sports Development Authority of Tamil Nadu (SDAT), a government body, is vested with the responsibility of developing sports and related infrastructure in the state. They are known as Kaval deivam (guardian deity) and Local Village Gods. Dheeran Chinnamalai (1756–1805), Polygar chieftain of Kongu and ally of Tipu Sultan who fought the British in the Second Polygar War. Rajaraja Chola I and his son Rajendra Chola built temples such as the Brihadeshvara Temple of Thanjavur and Brihadeshvara Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram, the Airavatesvara Temple of Darasuram and the Sarabeswara (Shiva) Temple, also called the Kampahareswarar Temple at Thirubhuvanam, the last two temples being located near Kumbakonam. Numismatic, archaeological and literary sources corroborate that the Sangam period lasted for about eight centuries, from 500 BCE to 300 CE. This SPV named as "Chennai Metro Rail Limited" was incorporated on 3 December 2007 under the Companies Act. 90, No. Tamil Nadu has four international airports, namely Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore International Airport, Tiruchirapalli International Airport and Madurai International Airport. In the history of Tamil Nadu, there is only 2 state party is playing a vital DMK (Kalaingar) and ADMK (Amma). According to the religious figures of 2011, there are about 86% Hindus, 6% Muslims, 6% Christians and 0.4% without any religion. Express trains connect the state capital Chennai with Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata. Tamil Nadu is the most populous state among all five states forming South India. The reason for the victory of the Justice Party in elections was the non-participation of the INC, demanding complete independence of India. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Coimbatore is a multi-purpose stadium in Coimbatore constructed in 1971 which is used to host I-League football matches. [206] S. Ilavazhagi carrom world champion from 2002 to 2016. Religion. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Chennai is a multi-purpose stadium hosting football and track and field events. [197] The total installed capacity of electricity in the state by January 2014 was 20,716 MW. Tamil Nadu has been a pioneering state of E-Governance initiatives in India. [36] The Pandyas excelled in both trade and literature. [19], The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu[2], Religion in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu, [Volume 40 of People of India, Kumar Suresh Singh, Volume 3 of People of India: Tamil Nadu, Anthropological Survey of India, Affiliated East-West Press for Anthropological Survey of India, 1997, p. 1437], Reading History with the Tamil Jainas, A Study on Identity, Memory and Marginalisation, R. Umamaheshwari, Springer, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, p.4, 111, Reading History with the Tamil Jainas, A Study on Identity, Memory and Marginalisation, R. Umamaheshwari, Springer, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, p. 100, Jaina Literature in Tamil, Prof. A. Chakravartis, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "INDIA: Tamil Nadu: Village gardian gods (kaval, Munisvar)", "CHRISTIANS IN INDIA | Facts and Details", Genetic admixture studies on four in situ evolved, two migrant and twenty-one ethnic populations of Tamil Nadu, south India, G. SUHASINI et al, Journal of Genetics, Vol. Almost every part of the state is well connected by buses 24 hours a day. Religion Data. After the demise of C. N. Annadurai, M. Karunanidhi became the leader of the party which was supported by majority leaders including then famous actor M. G. Ramachandran. Its capital and largest city is Chennai. [7], Christianity is the second largest religion in the state. A large part of the government records like land ownership records are digitised and all major offices of the state government like Urban Local Bodies – all the corporations and municipal office activities – revenue collection, land registration offices, and transport offices have been computerised. In 1972, M. G. Ramachandran founded the new Dravidian party All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) named after his political mentor C. N. Annadurai popularly called "Anna". [149] Annual food grains production in the year 2007–08 was 10035,000 mt. Percentage. In all Hindu form majority religion in 32 out of 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: [ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ] (listen)) is one of the 28 states of India. When it comes to yarn production, the State contributes 40 per cent of the total production in the country. Tamil Nadu has a wide range of biomes extending east from the South Western Ghats montane rain forests in the Western Ghats through the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests and Deccan thorn scrub forests to tropical dry broadleaf forests and then to the beaches, estuaries, salt marshes, mangroves, seagrasses and coral reefs of the Bay of Bengal. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. The government of Tamil Nadu created a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project. The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu. The state accounted for 13.6 per cent of all accidents in the country with 66,238 accidents in 2013, 11.3 per cent of all road accident deaths and 15 per cent of all road-related injuries, according to data provided by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Actor Kamal Haasan stayed away from contesting in the 2019 Lok Sabha polls but in 2021 the actor-turned-politician is expected to make his debut in politics. [42] British reduced the French dominions in India to Puducherry. [129] The first talkie was a multi-lingual film, Kalidas, which released on 31 October 1931, barely seven months after India's first talking picture Alam Ara. Check reevaluation procedure, pass percentage and other details. Chennai has a well-established suburban railway network and is constructing a Chennai Metro with phase1 operational since July 2015. The Other Backward Classes (OBCs) formed 68% of the state's population.The remaining population of 10.89% is forward community. [125] The term Kollywood is a blend of Kodambakkam and Hollywood. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. GOVERNMENT OF TAMIL NADU DIRECTORATE OF MINORITIES WELFARE 1st floor, Khalas Mahal, Chepauk, Chennai-600 005 POST-MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP TO MINORITY COMMUNITIES STUDENTS FOR THE YEAR 2019-20 Applications are invited from the students belong to notified religious … Products manufactured include circuit boards and cellular phone handsets. [111] The Sangam literature also deals with human relations and emotions. In the state of Tamil Nadu, India the most widely professed religion is Hinduism, with significant Christian and Muslim minorities. When India became independent in 1947, Madras presidency became Madras State, comprising present-day Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh up to Ganjam district in Odisha, South Canara district Karnataka, and parts of Kerala. Headquartered at Chennai, the Southern Railway network extends over a large area of India's southern peninsula, covering the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, a small portion of Karnataka and a small portion of Andhra Pradesh. The state government owns Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers,[169] in Karur. Section 4 of the Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Sexual Harassment of Women Act (sexual harassment). Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. TN (Tamil Nadu) Lok Sabha Elections 2019: Know all about Tamil Nadu General Election 2019 schedule, election dates, announcements, process, Tamil Nadu lok sabha election results. [13][14] In Adichanallur, 24 km (15 mi) from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls, skeletons, bones, husks, grains of rice, charred rice, and celts of the Neolithic period, 3,800 years ago. Tamil Nadu is home to five declared national parks located in Anamalai, Mudumalai, Mukurithi, Gulf of Mannar, Guindy located in the centre of Chennai city and Vandalur located in South Chennai. Parantaka Chola II expanded the Chola empire into what is now interior Andhra Pradesh and coastal Karnataka, while under the great Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas rose to a notable power in southeast Asia. Although Tamil Nadu accounts for the highest number of road accidents in India, it also leads in having reduced the number of fatalities in accident-prone areas with deployment of personnel and a sustained awareness campaign. The French established trading posts at Pondichéry by 1693. He was once referred to by Time magazine as "The Mozart of Madras". Tamil Nadu has a network of about 113 industrial parks and estates offering developed plots with supporting infrastructure. When the case first broke in Feb 2019: The case had shocked not just Tamil Nadu but the nation as well, There was huge uproar and anger over the alleged police inaction of Tamil Nadu police, and there were widespread protests by the public. 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